The Man Who Watches

What do you think a policeman uses most?
Not his gun.
Not his billy club.
Not his handcuffs.
His eyes!
A policeman is always watching. Whether he is riding in a patrol car or walking on street, a policeman watches and watches and watches.

Policeman watches for bank robbers,
people driving their cars too fast,
boys going through a red light on their bicycles, or dogs without a license.

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Long ago when people lived in caves, each man did his own watching. Each man was his own policeman. Along with his job of finding enough food for eat, enough water to drink and enough wood for his fire, a man tried to keep his family safe from wild beasts and from savage men who might hurt them. Everywhere he went, the man watched and listened. At night he sat by the fire, watching. Now policeman do this kind of watching us.

When they’re not at work protecting people or keeping the automobiles moving, policeman like to go home to their families. Some policeman are husbands and fathers. They take their wives shopping and play with their children. But when he’s working at his job, a policeman is an expert protector-a watcher.

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The Man Who Made New Fruits and Flowers

Luther Burbank was a scientist who worked with plants. He understood why each kind of plant grew up to have its own special kind of fruit and flowers. And he discovered ways to change the kind of fruit and plant could grow or the way a plant or its flowers looked. The wild daisy plant is a small yellowish weed. But Burbank could make it into a tall, large, snowy white flower with a yellow center.

He used a plum tree and an apricot tree to make an entirely new fruit that was a little like both a plum and an apricot. He called the new fruit a plumcot. Some plants are enough alike they can be put together to make new kinds of plants or flowers or fruits. Other plants are too different to be put together. Burbank put plants together by taking a small twig with a bud from one plant and putting it into a cut on a different plant. This is called grafting. The twig becomes part of the new plants and gets from it.

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Sometimes Burbank put pollen from the flowers of one plant on the sticky part of the flowers of another plant. This is called cross pollination. Burbank took pollen from an English daisy and put it on the American oxeye daisy’s flowers. This made seeds. From the seeds a new kind of daisy grew-a daisy that was neither English or American but a little of each.But the new daisy was so different as Burbank had hoped it would be. And so he took pollen from a German daisy and put it on the new daisy’s flowers.

The next daisy was almost what Burbank was looking for, but it was not white enough to please him. So he took pollen from still another daisy, a white one that grew in Japan. Eight years after he started he saw the flower he had hoped to see- a tall, gracefully daisy with large, snow-white petals and a yellow center. He named it the Shasta daisy after a snowcapped mountain peak in California.

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It is not easy to grow new kinds of plants. But Burbank kept trying because he was a curious and patient man. H e was curious in that he wanted to see the new kinds of flowers and fruits he could help the plants make. And he was patient because he had to be. It took a very long time before the new plants with the new flowers or fruits grew and he could see what they were alike. When Burbank began his work some people didn’t think he could make new plants at all. He surprised them.

He grew the first truly white blackberry so clear that the seeds could be seen through its skin. He gave the world many new kinds of plums. One of them taste and smells just like a pear. On a potato vine he grew a strange new vegetable that looks just like a tomato. He called it a pomato. He grew new kinds of cactuses, potatoes, corn, berries, apples, roses, walnuts…altogether more than 800 new kinds of plants!

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Wagon West

Before there were automobiles or railroad trains in the United States, people traveled west in big covered wagons. Some traveled to find free land and to make new homes. The country was wild all the way-miles and miles of waving grass, hot deserts and high mountains. Nobody lived there except Indians. There were no houses and no stores where people could buy things. No roads anywhere. No bridges over rivers. Buffalo and mountain lions and rattlesnakes and prairie dogs were some of the animals living there.

Let’s go with Tad and Ellen and their family as they traveled west across the country on a covered wagon trip that took many months.The wagon was painted blue. Its high wheels were red. White sailcloth spread like a balloon to form the roof and the sides.
“Red, white and blue,” Ellen said. “Riding in this wagon will be like the Fourth of July every day!”
“Especially if Indians come whooping at us,” Tad said,”and our guns start popping like fire crackers.

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“Don’t talk about the Indians,” his sister said.” I’m scared even before we start.” “We won’t be alone,” her father comforted her.”We’ll travel with other wagons-a whole train of wagons. Now let’s start packing this one.”They had to stay warm so they took feather mattresses and blankets and extra clothes. They took guns and tools and kitchen pans. They took seeds for planting in fields and gardens. Their milk cow, Bess would go with them and their bulldog,Sam-although they could walk, of course.

After the wagon was loaded with the things that had to go, everybody brought out the things he hoped could go. Ellen put two dolls in wagon, but her father didn’t think there would be room for her dollhouse. Tad took a bag of marbles, a spinning top and wooden hoop but he had to leave his toy wagon behind. They took the baby cradle and Grandmother’s old rocking chair.Six horses pulled the heavy wagon as it rolled out of the yard, jolting and swaying on its long way west. After the family found land in the West, their horses would work on the farm.

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Before the wagon got very far west, it was joined by other wagons going the same way.
“When people travel together,” the children’s father said,” they can help each other if Indians attack or if the wagon breaks down or if anyone runs out of food.” The great wagons rolled slowly in a long line, or trains. Scouts rode far ahead to look for drinking water to find night camping places to hunt fresh meat-and to watch for Indians. Every night the wagons drew up in a tight circle. People and animals stayed inside the circle to be safe from Indians.

林冠英当年反对建居林机场? 这是在野党诬蔑!

反对党对于居林机场的课题撒谎诬蔑林冠英当年反对居林机场,换了位置换了脑袋的指控绝对是一项恶毒的谎言。林冠英无论当财政部长或首席部长一直以来都是坚持先批准槟城国际机场的扩建,才来谈兴建居林机场。财政部长林冠英从当槟首长时代至今都要求发挥联邦制度精神,无论该州由谁执政都应公平对待各州。

当年碍于槟州政府已经向联邦政府申请扩建槟国际机场跑道久久未批,另一边厢却传出即将批准兴建居林国际机场。时任槟城州首席部长,林冠英必须为槟州利益而抗议,他要求的是联邦政府的公平对待,而不是全盘否决吉打州申请兴建新机场。林冠英当年抗议的重点只有一个,那就是槟城国际机场急需要扩建。

但是联邦政府在没有批准槟城申请的扩建计划下要先批准在居林兴建新的国际机场。6年前,当时林冠英曾经在当时的系列文告中说过:“槟城并无惧与居林另一个新的国际机场竞争,前提是它必需在一个公平的竞争环境,也即是给我们一条新的跑道,综合空运设施,以及一座航空保养、维修及检查中心 。

在给了槟城国际机场6亿令吉的扩建后,国阵联邦政府当然可以持续在居林兴建一座耗资16亿令吉的机场 – 如果他们认为有必要的话。现在的问题是:邓章耀及槟州巫统会否用行动而不是口空说白话,来支持槟州国际机场扩建的建议,以让槟城得以与居林新国际机场公平竞争。”

他也在他6年前的记者会中说过:“我没有说吉打没有权力兴建他们第三座机场,这是由联邦政府所决定,因为每一州都有权力申请新的机场,他们有浮罗交怡及阿罗士打两座机场,槟城只有一座机场。新机场会不会影响亚罗士打,我们不知道,因为亚罗士打距离较远。但是若联邦政府坚持要在居林兴建16亿令吉的新机场,

那应该先花费6亿令吉提升槟城国际机场,为此我们才能应付我们的游客及投资者的需求,因为要兴建居林机场将耗时5至10年或更久,但是槟城机场提升完毕只需要2年,可以让我们即时应付需求。因此在经济合理性上在你要谈兴建居林国际机场之前,需要先提升槟城国际机场。”

在当时为了借着居林兴建国际机场的课题,林冠英作为时任首席部长争取要求国阵联邦政府率先批准槟城国际机场的6亿令吉扩建计划。那时候,槟城作为反对党州即便是申请各种计划包括槟机场扩建,多年来都是音讯全无。距离槟城不远的居林要兴建国际机场,绝对是槟城可以借此争取批准槟国际机场扩建的绝佳机会。

当年,甚至是在槟政府争取率先扩建槟城机场时扯后腿的时任槟国阵主席邓章耀,也曾在记者会上指责林冠英上述先批准槟城机场,有附带条件赞成居林国际机场的说法,也同样是赞成居林兴建机场。但是,无论是槟国际机场或居林国际机场随着纳吉带领的国阵排除异己,一切都烟消云散。

2018年5月9日国阵倒台之后,林冠英作为希盟政府的财政部长,无时无刻不为槟城国际机场的扩建尽心尽力,槟城国际机场的扩建在批准后,还从原本650万扩建1200万客流量的方案,一路提升至1600万客流量方案,同时还额外备用400万客流量的扩充方案,以便能应付未来可能2000万名客流量的需求至2035年。

林冠英在身为财政部长的权限下,槟城机场扩建计划,以私人融资兴建及经营方式进行,不只减少了联邦政府及州政府的财政压力,还额外提升及增加了槟机场扩建规模及未来扩充能力。因此,当林冠英有幸当了马来西亚财政部长,他也成功的为当初他作为反对党首席部长所争取的,在槟城国际机场的扩建计划之上,还提升其扩建规模。

尔今,槟城机场得以率先批准大规模提升扩建,身为全民财政部长的林冠英也跟他当首席部长时言论一致,没有理由现在还反对同样是以私人融资兴建经营的居林机场。

2亿300万大马希望救国基金用来偿还1MDB债务

政府透过财政部志期 2019 年 2 月 7 日的文告宣布,截至 2019 年 1 月 14 日,即大马希望救国基金的最后捐款日为止,一共募集了2 亿零271万6775令吉10 仙。此后,该笔款项经国家会计局投入定期存款之内,截至 2019 年 3 月 31 日为止,收到的利息为57万5342令吉31仙,两笔金额加总后使得大马希望基金的信托账户总额达到2亿零329万2117令吉41 仙。

正如先前在文告中所宣布,由财政部秘书长担任主席的账户执行委员会,将根据信托的规定来决定该笔资金的用途,即用于偿还联邦政府的债务以及各种需要缴交之款项而已。凡此种种,旨在确保大马希望基金能够得专业及透明的管理,并投入于正确之
用途。

马来西亚希望救国基金账户执行委员会于 2019年 4月 24日志号 1/2019议决希望救国基金的所有捐款将用以偿还 2019 年共17亿零478 万令吉的 1MDB 部分债务。虽然希望救国基金所有捐款并不足以解决 1MDB 的 510 亿令吉巨大债务,但是希望救国基金将永远成为马来西亚人民义不容辞乐捐偿还国债的救国精神与尽忠爱国象征。政府仅此向全体乐捐希望救国基金的马来西亚人民致以万二分的感激及最崇高的敬意。