How Do Babies Travel?

Some babies travel in fancy four wheeled carriages, snuggled down in soft comforters. Some travel n strollers, watching people and birds and dogs as they ride. But not all babies travel in carriages or strollers. Parents may carry their babies in other ways.

Babies of some Arctic Eskimo families stay safe and warm in special pouch sewn into the back of the mother’s jacket. An Eskimo jacket is called parka. In some Eskimo families the mother makes all of the clothes for her family from the skins of reindeer, seals, bears and other animals. The animals are trapped by the men of the family. Eskimos still hunt, but today they usually sell the animals’ fur and buy clothes and other supplies in stores.

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When the American Indians roamed the lands the baby called the papoose, was carried strapped to the mother’s back. The baby’s carrying place was sometimes woven from grasses and twigs. Sometimes it was a basket. Sometimes the Indian baby was strapped to a flat board, which was then tied to the mother’s back. The softened furry skins of animals could be laced together to keep the baby snug and dry. When the mother stopped to rest, the cradle basket could be hung in a tree so that the wind could rock the baby.

The father pipefish is the one who takes care of the babies in the pipefish family. He is so long and thin that he looks almost like a snake. He has a pouch or pocket where he carries his babies. Baby pipefish get a slow ride in their pocket home, for their father is not a fast swimmer.Another baby that lives in a pocket is the kangaroo. What a hoppy ride these babies get! Their mothers leap fast and far.

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Most baby opossums get to ride in a stomach pouch when they are small. But some baby opossums are carried on their mother’s back. Opossums like to hang from things. They can sleep hanging from a tree by their tails. It is easy for them to cling to their mother as she ambles along. The mother bends her tail back. The babies wind their tails around hers and dig their feet into her soft fur.

A bat baby flies through the air as it rides on its mother’s back.The mother bat flies at night, searching for insects which she catches in the air. She often takes her babies with her. They cling to her furry neck with their tiny sharp claws. Wouldn’t that be fun for the baby-to go sailing through the air on its mother’s back!Some monkey babies have almost as much fun. Their mothers carry them wherever they go. High above the ground the mothers travel from tree to tree, leaping and swinging from one branch to another. Sometimes you can see them doing this at a zoo.

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Even a mouth can be a handy place to carry a baby! The sea catfish father carries his newborn youngsters around in his mouth. And did you ever watch a mother cat or dog move her children? Or a lioness at a zoo? she uses her mouth-picking up her babies by the loose skin on the back of the neck.The men who drive camels across the deserts have a special way for camel babies to be carried .When it travels in a caravan, a baby camel rides in a cloth sling on the side of another camel. The mother camel is next in line, so she can always see her baby. When the caravan stops the mother camel nurses her baby.

More About People

The first people on Earth were not like any of the people alive today. For different reasons-climate,geography, the food they ate-people slowly changed through the years and came to look quite different from the early people. And very slowly during millions of years the people in some parts of the world changed and came to look quite different from people in other parts of the world.

As their number grew larger, people spread out to different parts of the Earth-to look for food, to have more room, or maybe just to see what was there.Finally some people settled where it was cold, others where it was hot. Some lived near the sea, some in the mountains, some on the plains or deserts and some in jungles.

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The food that could be found in each of these places was different. Some people lived mostly on fish, some lived on fruit and the meat from wild animals, others lived mostly on the things that grew in the ground. And so people in some parts of the world became taller or heavier or thinner than people in other parts.

In some places their faces were wider, their hair was darker or longer or straighter, or their eyes were one color or another. In places like Africa and India and the southern islands where the sun shines brightly most of the time, the skins of the people living there grew darker.It is still this way in the world today. People in some parts of the world look a little different from people in other parts of the world. But people everywhere are more alike than different.

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No matter their size or the color of their eyes, hair or skin, they hurt themselves when they trip and fall;they get hungry when they haven’t eaten for a long time;they laugh at something funny and cry when they’re hurt. They like to play when they’re little. When they’re little they learn by watching their mother and father and other grown-ups. When they’re grown up they work and take care of their children. And they all want to be loved by other people.

成立债务管理署 稳定财政系统与政府财政地位

就如于 2018 年 11 月 2 日的 2019 年财政预算案所宣布,政府将成立债务管理署(简称债管署)负责审阅及管理政府的债务与负资产。债管署将监督债务发行及为联邦政府、官联机构及特殊目的公司(SPV)应如何债务重组提供全面建议。政府致力杜绝因举债时低落的协调能力,导致再度发生状况需偿还不负责任的高昂巨债。

成立债管署是政府的其中一个步骤,以作为解决 2017 年至今隐藏在政府庞大体系下的1 兆令吉债务与负资产。债管署也是制度改革的其中一项步骤,以稳定财政系统及政府财政地位,因为上述因素都是国际评级机构看重的衡量标准。债管署将采取的步骤如下:有秩序地全盘列出所有的发行债券及政府、官联公司、官联机构的贷款,以确认最低的债务利率与利息。

进行债券与债务重组,以减低偿还成本,节省偿债的支出。拟定各种未来策略,减低政府的债务压力。债管署的目的还包括控制政府债务避免失控,同时杜绝随心所欲的借贷行为再度发生。债管署已经获得首相的同意将由财政部长林冠英作为主席。 债管署尚包括的成员如下:

政府首席秘书拿督斯里依斯迈巴卡(Datuk Seri Dr Ismail bin Hj Bakar); 财政部秘书长拿督阿末巴德利; 经济部秘书长拿督赛夫安诺; 国家银行行长拿督诺珊西雅; 马来西亚证券委员会(SC)执行主席拿督赛再益; 国家投资公司 PNB 主席丹斯里洁蒂; 国家总会计拿督赛伊萨

普华永道(PwC)会计行大马分行主席拿督莫哈末法兹; 首相经济顾问阿都卡立博士; 债管署将立刻执行生效,以能尽快拟定国家减债策略并执行其行动方案。上述所拟定的策略与方案将上呈至首相敦马哈迪掌管的财政政策委员会。