How Water Gets to the City

Long ago when there were not very many people on the Earth, most people made their homes close to rivers or ponds or streams. They drank and washed and bathed and cooked with this water. When it was all used up-or got too dirty-these long ago people just packed up and moved to another place near water.

People finally learned to build houses that had strong walls and a floor and a roof. They invented many, many things to go into their houses-furniture, stove and refrigerators. They built factories to make all these things. At the same time, they built schools and office buildings and always more houses. Now our way of living is much easier and more comfortable than that people who lived thousands of years ago.

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大自然的力量真的很恐怖!那些车主哭死了。。。。。

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But now, we cannot move our homes to water. We must move the water to our homes. And we do! Because water from mountain lakes is usually the purest and cleanest and best tasting, many cities get their water from such lakes. Uphill and downhill the water may flow for hundreds of miles through giant pipes, from the lake to the city.

Other cities pump water from deep under the ground. But many cities must take water from a dirty river or lake. This water must be cleaned before it can used. These cities build filtration plants. The filtration plants look like factories and are as busy as factories. They are filled with machines that strain dirt and germs from the water.

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Scary Earthquake Footage From Around The World…

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It is hard work to give clean water to a city. But we have to do it. Without water we could not have a city. Next time you take a shower, think back through the journey the water may have taken-through pipes and tunnels, aqueducts, a filtration plant-think back, back, back to some river or lake or reservoir miles and miles away from your handy faucets marked Hot and Cold.

City of Boats

“Look!” George said.” The streets in Venice are made of water!”
Standing on the stone dock in front of their hotel, the boy and his parents watched the strange boats-gondolas-glide past. George and his family had traveled to Venice, Italy all the way from Canada. They had traveled by plane and train and in a car. They have found Venice to be different from any place they had ever seen-a city made up of islands connected by arching stone bridges. The streets,called canals were water. The buses were water buses.

The taxis were bats. Long, thin and high at each end, they floated grandly on the still water as the gondoliers stood tall in their boats, each man moving a long oar. Now, while one of the gondoliers held his steering pole so his boat wouldn’t move, his son Antonio, helped the Canadian boy and his family get settled in the narrow seats.

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世界上最昂贵的越野车

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Sometimes when his father was very busy, Antonio was allowed to help steer the long , black boat. Antonio liked to watch passengers and share their happy excitement. Even though he couldn’t understand many words, he enjoyed listening to the jumble of happy voices whenever people from other countries rode in a gondola for the first time.

He smiled at George and George smiled back.
“So many, many beautiful buildings!”George’s mother said as they skimmed along the canal.
“It’s like a fairyland,” George said.” The buildings look like palaces”
“Many of them were built as palaces,” his father said.” The outside walls were decorated with small colored tiles.”
“Some of the palaces are used as museums now,” George mother added.” There are famous paintings and sculptures inside, as well as outside. We can see them later. But right now we’re going to a little island where they blow glass.”

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街頭魔術師現場表演

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“Blow glass! What does that mean?” George asked.
“You’ll see very soon now,” his father answered.
At the island the gondolier’s son, Antonio went with the family to see the glassblowers work. The glass was heated in hot furnaces until it was soft and flowing. The glassblowers blew air into globs of soft glass through a long tube, or blowpipe, to make the glass into different shapes. They had to work fast before the glass become cool and hard.

“They’ve been blowing glass this way for hundreds of years,” George’s father said.” The Venetians are famous for their glass all over the world.” Like those colored bottles we saw in the store?” George asked.”Right. Of course there are big factories for making most of the glass things we use. But on this island we are seeing how glass things were first made.

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这种女人不能要啊!

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As Antonio and George were leaving, a glassblower gave each of the boys a tiny glass horse. They were still warm from the oven.
“Hot from the oven,” George’s mother said.
“That’s remind me, I’m hungry,” George said.” May we have lunch in the square? I want to feed the pigeons again.”
His father laughed.” Sure we will.”

The day before, George and his family had sat outside at the tiny table in St. Mark’s Square. George had filled his hand with food for the pigeons. When he stood very quietly without moving the pigeons flew onto his arms and shoulders to peck the kernels. When the gondola returned to the dock in front of the hotel, everyone thanked Antonio and his father. The two boys smiled at each other.
“Ciao,” George said in Italian.
“Goodbye,” answered Antonio. They waved as the gondola glided down the street of water.

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大自然的力量真的很恐怖!那些车主哭死了。。。。。

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A Good Place for Animals to Live

It isn’t the kind off zoo where the lions have to stay in cages. It’s zoo that was built to look like the lion country in Africa. Not all animals can be given this much freedom. Leopards are such good jumpers that they have to be kept in cages. And you might guess that snakes are good at crawling over, under, through or around almost anything. In a zoo, snakes live in glass cages and birds live in a big wire cages.

People always have liked to look at wild animals when it was safe to do so and to see to it that captured animals are kept healthy and comfortable. Zoo keepers try to know everything they can about the habits of the animals in their care;what foods they eat, how warm and how cold their living places should be, what vitamins and medicines they need-even what friends they need.

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五年过后,重新梳理马航MH370神秘失踪事件

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There was an elephant in one zoo that became very unhappy unless a little Shetland pony stayed with it. They pony seemed to be at elephant’s pet. And zoo keepers have found that monkeys like people. Monkeys like to watch the people while the people watch them. Have you ever seen a monkey mountain? Hundreds of monkeys running up and down and jumping and playing on a mountain of rocks and dirt? They can’t get away because there is water all around the mountain and these monkeys don’t like to get wet.

What do you think happens when a hippopotamus in a zoo gets a toothache? That’s right. The hippo goes to a dentist. And when animals get sick, they go to the zoo hospital. Zoos even have nurseries where baby animals can stay when they need special care.

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那位坐着吃面的女人好像(洪兴十三妹)

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Lions and tigers are meat eaters. Zebra and camels and elephants eat plants. The eucalyptus leaves that koala bears eat can be grown only a few places in the world. So even though these furry roly poly creatures are friendly and fun to watch, they’re not often seen in zoo.

If you visit the polar bears in the summer, you’ll see that they have a cold shower running all the time. They may even have chunk of ice to sit on! That’s because that come from the far, far North and don’t like hot weather. But monkeys like hot weather. You’ll never see them outdoors in cold weather. They’re kept in warm houses because they’re used to living in hot jungles. Animals need good food, water, clean houses and love. Just like people!

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原来金身是這樣製作的

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Using Your Head

Did you ever stop to think about why you can think? Or how you think? Or how important it is to think? Long ago, cavemen learned to make sparks by hitting two special rocks together. These sparks made fire. When the fire spread to the forest and burned the things the cavemen needed for food they learned that they had to be careful with fire. They also learned that fire does not burn water, so they used the water to put out small fires. And they learned to hide in the water during large fires.

After the cavemen taught their children how to make fire, the children knew something that had taken their parents years to learn. The children then had time to learn new things and time to find out better ways to do old things. Soon they knew more than their parents did because they knew the things their parents had taught them, and they knew the things they had figured out for themselves.

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When someone says,” Use your head,” he really means,” Use your brain.” Your brain is inside your head. Your brain does many different things. One thing it does is to find out what’s happening outside your body and what the things outside your body are like. To do this the brain depends on your eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin. These helpers send messages to the brain through many thin, stringlike things called nerves.

If your mother gives you a bowl of fresh strawberries, your eyes see the plump red berries and your nose smells the good strawberry smell. These messages go to your brain through the nerves and you know that there are strawberries for you to eat.When you spoon some of the berries into your mouth, your tongue sends a message to the brain about how good the juicy strawberries feel between your teeth and your tongue. Your ears send a message about the sound of your spoon scraping in the bowl.

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PERTARUNGAN 2 Kerbau

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Another thing the brain does is to make the parts of the body move. When your mother sets the bowl of strawberries in front of you, your brain gets the message from your eyes and nose. Then the brain makes the muscles in your arm and hand work to pick up your spoon, scoop up some strawberries put them into your mouth and take the spoon out again.

Then your brain makes the muscles in your jaw moves to chew and makes those in your throat move to swallow. To move your muscles the brain sends messages through other nerves. These nerves go to every muscle in your body. Think of all the things you see, hear, smell, taste, feel and do each day. What a busy brain you have!

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借米不借柴,借衣不借鞋,说得真好

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How We Move

Inside our skin there are bones. Our fingers can feel them almost everywhere. One bone is attached to another, and when the bones move we move but our bones cannot move themselves. Our muscles move them. Our bones are covered with muscles. The muscles move them in many directions. That is the job of muscles-to move things. How do our muscles move our bones? Our muscles move our bones by pulling them. Muscles always pull-they never push.

We can feel the jaw muscles in our cheeks become hard as they pull our jaw closed when we bite. We can feel the muscle under our jaw pull to open our mouth wide. Some muscles don’t move bones. They move other things. Our heart is the muscle that pumps the blood. To understand how it works, imagine a few children standing in a circle with their arms hooked together. If they all pull at the same time, what happens?

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They squeeze the circle smaller. When the heart squeezes like this, the blood is pumped out and through the body. Tiny muscles move our eyes up,down and from side to side. The muscles of our mouth, lips and face move to make us smile or frown. Without muscles the skin would be like a bag. And a man would be a bag of bones!

Falling Buildings!

On the day this beautiful building first opened, the band played and everyone cheered. The mayor was there to cut the ribbon. This meant that the new building was open to the public-that people could go inside. Everyone was anxious to go to the top floor and look out of the windows, because this new building was the tallest in town-five stories high! They all wanted to see the city spread out beneath them-what a wonderful view!

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五年过后,重新梳理马航MH370神秘失踪事件

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Mr. Barnes who owned the building was very proud and happy. A few of the offices were already rented and now that the building was officially open, he was certain he would quickly rent the rest. As time passed the city grew up around the building. New buildings were built, using new ideas. Some of these buildings were very tall, some had large windows some had a different kind of lighting. When Mr. Barnes’s son took over his father’s business he put elevators and new lighting into the building. But buildings wear out just as other things do.

By the time Mr Barnes’s grandson owned the building the city had grown. It had become so crowded that there was no land left for any new buildings to be built on. The only place to grow was up! Young Mr. Barnes decided to knock down his grandfather’s old building and build the newest one in town, just as his grandfather had one. The new building would hold many more offices than there were in the old one.

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那位坐着吃面的女人好像(洪兴十三妹)

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The men who knock down buildings-they are called wreckers-have to do their work carefully to keep from damaging nearby buildings or automobiles or hurting people that pass by. Before any wrecking can begin, the engineers look at the plans of the building to see how it was built and what is inside the floors and walls. When they know this, they can tell what kinds of tools they will need to use in wrecking the building. And they can tell what parts of the building may be worth trying to save to use again.

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原来金身是這樣製作的

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The wreckers put up a fence around the building. In some cases this is a colorful fence made of doors removed from the building before the wrecking starts. The fence is meant to keep everyone but the workers outside. If there is a sidewalk in front of the building, the workers block it off or cover it with a heavy roof that people can walk under safely. The electricity, gas and water have to shut off and then the wrecking can begin. Some small buildings are made almost completely out of wood. The wreckers usually tear this kind of building down with crowbars. The men pry the boards apart and save some of the lumber.

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世界上最昂贵的越野车

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Large buildings made of brick, stone or steels are knocked apart with a large metal ball or pulled apart by two jawed scoop called a clamshell. Wrecking is a noisy business. The metal ball swings at the end of a long wire rope, or cable. The crane operator moves the long beam attached to the high mast called a boom that guides the metal ball swinging at the end of the cable. The ball smashes against walls, beams or whatever part of the building the operator is knocking down. Sometimes he just lifts the ball and lets it fall-bang!-onto roofs or floors to break them apart.

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街頭魔術師現場表演

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When a large wall falls it shakes the earth and makes a loud roar. Often it may be easier and safer to pull a beam down or a wall apart than to knock it down. Then the clamshell may be used. The operator makes the steel jaws take hold of the top of a wall or a beam. He makes the jaws lift, pulling the wall apart, or the beam out and then he makes the jaws open to drop the wall or beam.

The smashes and broken parts of the wrecked buildings are loaded by bulldozers into trucks.(Bulldozers, which usually clear land and move soil and rocks, a can also scoop up the broken parts of the building to load the trucks)> The trucks then go to the dump. If any of the boards or bricks are not broken they may be saved and sold. Once the ground is cleared the builders can come in. Soon the new building will start to go up, and then one day-a party to celebrate a new opening.

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这种女人不能要啊!

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How Do You Tell a Storybook Wolf from Real Wolf?

Let’s look at what the storybook wolf did in the story of Little Red Riding Hood. Remember the story? Little Red Riding Hood was taking a basket of food to her grandmother who lay sick in bed in her little house deep in the woods. On her way, Little Red Riding Hood met a wolf who asked her where she was going. Now Little Red Riding Hood’s mother had told her not to talk to anybody along the way. But she forgot and told the wolf where her grandmother lived and that she was sick in bed…

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You don’t have to know much about wolves to know that they do not speak or understand words. But do you know that wolves can’t make plans the way people do? Wolves don’t say to themselves,” First I will do this. Then I will do that. And then I will do that.”Wolves don’t seem to think very much about everything. They do feel many things-hunger, cold, fear….The minute wolves feel one of these things, they usually do something about it. A hungry, real wolf that met a little girl alone in the woods might eat her right on the spot!

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When the wolf heard that Little Red Riding Hood’s grandmother lay sick and helpless in bed, he ran ahead as fast as he could to her house. He tied up Little Red Riding Hood’s grandmother and locked her in the closet. Then he pushed a nightcap down over his ears and crawled into bed…No real wolf puts on people’s clothing to fool the creatures it is trying to catch. But the color of some wolves at different times of the year protects them from enemies and helps them sneak up and catch the animals they eat.

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PERTARUNGAN 2 Kerbau

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In spring and summer when baby wolves are born, the fur of the wolf is reddish brown. This is the color of the ditches and shallow open caves where a wolf family makes its home. In winter the coat of a wolf turns yellowish brown like the dead and weeds in the woods where it lives. The fur of the Far North wolf turns snowy white and darkens only after the long winter is over.

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借米不借柴,借衣不借鞋,说得真好

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Little Red Riding Hood went right into her grandmother’s bedroom and sat down beside the bed.
“How nice to see you, my dear,” said the storybook wolf, trying to make his gruff voice as sweet as the grandmother’s. Little Red Riding Hood looked at her grandmother’s bedcap, which the wolf’s stiff ears kept poking up higher and higher.
“What big ears you have,” she said.
“The better to hear you with, my dear,” said the wolf. Then Little Red Riding Hood looked at her grandmother’s eyes.

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6岁男孩盲棋对战两位冠军棋手 超强脑力惊呆庾澄庆

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“What big eyes you have, grandmother.”
“The better to see you with, my dear,” said the wolf, smiling. Little Red Riding Hood looking at her grandmother’s smile.
“And what big teeth you have grandmother!”
“The better to eat you with!”cried the wolf jumping out of bed. When Little Red Riding Hood heard that, she turned and ran. She ran until she came to some woodchoppers who were working in the forest. When she told them what had happened, they went back to the little house and killed the wolf with their axes…

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你见过这样的赶海吗?好多高颜值的螃蟹!

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Most wolves can run faster than foxes and even deer. So a real wolf could easily have caught Little Red Riding Hood. But the storybook wolf and the real wolf are alike in one way. They both want to eat living things. Real wolves can’t live on grass and leaves and the roots of plants as some animals do. They have to eat meat. If they don’t they get sick and die. This is the way wolves are. It is not because wolves are mean or bad.

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美女卡車司機的日常

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A hundred years ago, there were more wolves than wolf food. There just weren’t enough wild animals for the wolves to kill and eat. Hungry wolves came out from their natural homes-the deep forests-and killed farm animals such as sheep and cows and horses. So the farmers started killing the wolves. They killed so many that now there are not many wolves left. But wolves are still bad in most stories. It doesn’t hurt their feelings, though. That’s because wolves can’t read.

Wings Everywhere

Bird wings flap and beat the air, carrying a bird across the sky. Wings are for diving,for gliding, for starting, for stopping, for turning, for hovering. Insect wings flutter, buzz and hum. Some flash and glitter in the sun. Some wings fold like fans.

A little jump, a flap of its wings-and a chickadee flies. An airplane has no feathers to help it fly, and its wings don’t flap. Its engines must speed it along the ground, faster and faster, before it can go up. The chickadee keeps flapping its wings and spreads its feathers to go higher. The engines of an airplane keep it moving, and its wing take it high into the air.

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世界上最昂贵的越野车

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When it wants to glide, this chickadee spread its wings like sails. Then it can stay in the air without moving its wings. Airplanes can glide too, for a while, without the engines running. To make a fast turn, the chickadee lifts on wing and dips the other. Airplanes do the same thing when they turn.

When the chickadee dives, it tucks its wings so close to its body that it looks like a tiny football going through the air. When an airplane dives, its wings stay the same way they always were. In landing, the chickadee spreads its wings and tail to slow itself in the air. An airplane lowers its flaps to help it land more slowly.

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街頭魔術師現場表演

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Before There Were Wheels

Wheels,wheels,wheels…
Big wheels,little wheels,
Wide wheels, thin wheels,
Iron wheels, brass wheels,
and big rubber-tired wheels.
Wheels of wood and wheels pf plastic. Every kind of wheel you can think of-even toy wheels and candy wheels. Can you imagine if there weren’t any-no wheels anywhere in the world?

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五年过后,重新梳理马航MH370神秘失踪事件

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Without wheels many of your toys couldn’t move. Your wagon, your tricycle, your roller skates. Without the wheels that go around and around in a factory machine, we couldn’t make books or tin cans or any of the other things that are made by machine. A motorboat could’t run without the wheels in its engine. An airplane couldn’t get off the ground or get safely down again, and a train couldn’t run. Before there were wheels people did not go very far very fast.

People carried things on their backs or heads or dragged things behind them.It might be fun travel this way. But you could go no faster than the people who carried you could walk. After animals were tamed, things were carried on the backs of camels,llamas, horses, elephants, oxen and donkeys. Sometimes two poles were attached to the sides of a horse or a dog. The poles dragged in the dirt behind the walking animal and held the weight of whatever was being moved.

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那位坐着吃面的女人好像(洪兴十三妹)

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We don’t know who was the first one in the world to use a wheel.Perhaps someone watched a log roll down a hill and thought “What a good way to move something heavy on top of the rolling log!”It wasn’t a very good way though. Things kept falling off.People tried using more than one log and rolling the logs along together. It was hard, slow work, but very heavy weights could be moved in this way.

A wheel rolling by itself can’t carry anything. The wheel must be attached to something. The wheel has to be put on a rod called an axle. Then the wheel can turn on the axle and make something move. After people found out how to attach a wheel to an axle and attach the axle to cart or wagon and later to a wheelbarrow or bicycle or a train or anything else, life became easier for them.Today we use so many wheels that it is hard to imagine how people ever get along without them.

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原来金身是這樣製作的

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The Biggest Animal of All

There’s something very fishy about whales. They live in the water. They look like fish. They swim like fish. But they aren’t fish at all. Whales are warm-blooded animals like people and cows and horses. Millions of years ago, their ancestors lived on land. They walked around on four legs and were hairy like other animals.

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Scary Earthquake Footage From Around The World…

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Then nobody knows exactly why-they started living more and more in the sea. And finally they began to look more and more like fish. They lost their hair. And when their bodies became smooth, they could glide through the water easily. Their hind legs also disappeared. They grew a thick layer of fat-called blubber-under their skin to keep themselves warm in the cold seas. With these and a few other changes, they got along very nicely in their watery home.

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大自然的力量真的很恐怖!那些车主哭死了。。。。。

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But because whales are not fish, they can’t stay under water all the time as fish do. They have to come up for air once in a while, or they will drown. When they come up, the first things they do is blow out the breath they have been holding. When their warm breath hits the colder air, it makes a cloud of mist, just as our breath does when we blow it while outdoors on a cold day. This mist is called the whale’s spout.

You can spot a whale by its spout. Sometimes many whales come to the surface and blow at the same time. That is very fine sight to see. Another interesting thing happened to whales when they started living in the water. They began to grow bigger and bigger. Some whales are so big that they couldn’t possibly live on land. They would be too heavy to move around. They need the water to hold up part of their great weight.

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这种女人不能要啊!

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The biggest whale of all is the blue whale. As far as we know, it is the biggest animal that ever lived. It is much bigger than an elephant. It is bigger than any dinosaur. Even a baby blue whale is a whale of a baby. And the mother whale has to feed it for about six months..until it learns to feed itself.Finding food is a simple matter for blue whales. They just swim along with their huge mouths open, and thousands of tiny sea creatures-some so small that they hardly can be seen-flow in.

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那位坐着吃面的女人好像(洪兴十三妹)

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Like most of the largest whales, blue whales have no teeth. Instead they have strings of hardened skin (something like our fingernails) in their mouths. This material is called baleen, or whalebone. It hangs down in the whale’s mouth like a giant comb. The whale can hold thousands of bits of food behind this baleen and strain the salt ocean water out of its mouth. Most of the smaller whales have teeth. These whales eat fish or any other sea creature they can catch.

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街頭魔術師現場表演

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One of these smaller whales is the killer whale. (It isn’t small compared with other animals. It’s small only compared with the giant blue whales.) The killer whale always has been thought of as a cruel and dangerous animal-the terror of the sea. It eats seals, sea lions, penguins and even other whales. All fish fear it. Killer whales travel in packs like wolves. They are very fast and strong and even many sharks are afraid of them. But in recent years a few of the captured killer whales have become good-natured and friendly pet.

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原来金身是這樣製作的

Posted by Kini YouTube on Tuesday, June 18, 2019

Some whales aren’t fierce at all. This is especially true of the dolphin, one of the smaller whales. As far back as the ancient days of Greece and Rome, stories were told about dolphins that gave children rides on their back. Not many years go, there was a famous dolphin named Opo who visited the same New Zealand beach almost every day. It played ball with the children in the water and even gave some of them short rides on its back. If one of the big whales would do this, just about everybody in a schoolroom could go for a ride at the same time.

世界上最昂贵的越野车

世界上最昂贵的越野车

Posted by Kini YouTube on Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Another dolphin named Pelorus Jack, used to guide ships safely past the dangerous places in the water in Admiralty Bay, New Zealand. Now that scientists have begun to study the whole family of whales more carefully, they are amazed at how friendly, playful and smart many of the whales are. They are learning that whales, like dogs and chimpanzees can be trained to do many things.