Bryce Canyon is a national park in western USA. It is formed of layered rocks called sandstone,limestone and mudstone. Over time, water, ice and wind have carved fantastic shapes into the rocks.
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Animals such as deer and foxes live in Bryce Canyon. Some use the rocks for shelter. There are also birds such as swallow, ravens and eagles.
The tall rock spires of Bryce Canyon are called hoodoos. These rocky pillars are made of soft mudstone topped with harder limestone. Ice and water wear the soft mudstone away more quickly than the harder cap of rock.
The rocks of Bryce Canyon are pink and orange. The minerals iron and manganese give the rocks their colour. At sunrise and sunset, the rocks glow bright red.
Thunderstorms and hailstorms can strike Bryce Canyon in summer. Snow and ice cover the ground in winter. Rain, hail, snow and ice wear away the rocks to make amazing features like this arch below.
Bryce Canyon Facts
* Bryce Canyon became a national park in 1928. The park covers 145 square kilometres. The hoodoos of Bryce Canyon are up to 60 metres tall.
* The rocks of Bryce Canyon formed on the beds of lakes and rivers. Over millions of years , the forces that build mountains lifted these rocks 2500 metres above sea level.
* Bryce Canyon has more hoodoos than almost any place on the Earth.